How To Make A Questionnaire For A Master's Dissertation
It is obligatory that you write special instructions before beginning the questionnaire. Also ensure that your options are concise and individuals do not lose interest.
As such there is no hard and fast rule that you can follow to create an outstanding questionnaire for your Master’s dissertation, however if you are looking for guidance, following points should be considered-
- Type of research questions you want to prepare: Pick any of the questionnaire patterns like descriptive, relationship based or comparative. The type of chosen words and phrases determines the structure of the questions. For example for descriptive questions you will use words like illustrate, describe, explain, depict, portray etc. In case of writing a comparative question usually compare, evaluate, judge or make a contrasting study, like words are used.
- Categorize the varied variables you intend to measure: Manipulate or control any of the chosen group based on the parameters chosen. For writing a descriptive, comparative or relationship based questions, usually categorical variables or continuous variables are used.
- This step focuses on the goal targeting the question. Structure means the components involved like the types of variables, various groups of interests, number of variables, groups that are under investigation and in the order they need to be presented.
Since questionnaire is one of the most significant tools to collect data required for research, pay attention to some other areas too such as-
- Seek information that is research based: Accuracy and relevance is the major objective to be assessed and hence ask only information that facilitates it.
- Pick target respondents: If the research targets cancer patients, the questionnaire has to be answered by cancer patients only and nobody else. Target group and the number of patients reacting to specific medicine also matters.
- How to approach such individuals? Think for the ways to conduct the interviews- personally, in groups, through mailed questionnaires or through telephonic interviews. Personal and group interviews are usually focused.
- Open ended or closed questions: Closed ended questions require answer in one word while open ended questions require more information on it.
- Level of complication: Starting questions should be easy, interesting and simple; while level of complications can be increased to certain extent with flow of psychological order.
- Length of questionnaire: If the questionnaire is too lengthy, the respondents are likely to lose interest soon so it should be kept short and simple.
- Pre testing: Revise and test the questionnaire to test the validity and reliability.
Keep the points in mind to get authentic results.